Its products include equipment ranging from electroshock weapons and bulletproof gear to sniper rifles and firearm accessories such as stocks and silencers. Women prisoners, especially, suffer sexual violence, torture, and other cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment. Alinejad has spoken to VOA previously about how she received death threats almost daily, she said, for simply giving a platform to women who only want to live a normal, 21st century life. In August 2022, the FBI arrested a man, armed with an assault rifle, who had spent two days lurking outside Alinejad’s home and, at one point, attempted to enter it. The group is a mix of people born in the U.S. and people who immigrated later in life, like Riggs.

People born to parents classified as Muslim by the authorities remained at risk of arbitrary detention, torture or the death penalty for “apostasy” if they adopted other religions or atheist beliefs. Ethnic minorities, including Ahwazi Arabs, Azerbaijani Turks, Baluchis, Kurds and Turkmen, faced discrimination, curtailing their access to education, employment and political office. Despite repeated calls for linguistic diversity, Persian remained the sole language of instruction in primary and secondary education. The legal age of marriage for girls stayed at 13, and fathers could obtain judicial permission for their daughters to be married at a younger age.

  • Thousands have also been arrested—many of them women and children; at least 51 of them journalists.
  • Under Reza Shah’s successor Mohammad Reza Shah many more significant reforms were introduced.
  • “Iranian people are not backing down. The Iranian Regime has miscalculated their resolve for changing this regime, and we’re asking the White House to do the same,” demonstrator Ramesh Sepehrrad told the D.C.
  • Per the AP News, Shekari’s lawyer attempted to appeal his death sentence but was denied, and after the execution, which was not public, state news television aired another highly edited package of courtroom footage from the trial.

Many young and middle-aged women received this punishment—a striking example of the state practicing corporal violence against women. The authorities recently shut down two pharmacies, one in Tehran and another in the northern city of Amol, after female employees were reported for not wearing a hijab. And in the religious city of Qum, they reprimanded the manager of a bank for catering to clients without hijabs. The judiciary has also opened a case against Ms. Kazempour, the engineer, according to Iranian news reports. Last Thursday, the South Carolina Supreme Court struck down the state’s “Fetal Heartbeat and Protection from Abortion Act” in a three to two decision.

Human Rights

Because of information blackouts, it is impossible to know just how many people have been active in the movement so far. As the sociologist Mohammad Ali Kadivar has noted, however, today’s movement has attracted far broader support than other recent protests, both in the streets and from key sectors of Iranian society. Beyond reformists, students, and intellectuals in major cities, the movement has engaged diverse bases of support from oil workers to prominent athletes and artists to merchants from Tehran’s bazaar.

Family of US Citizen killed In IRGC Attacks Sues Iran

The anti-government demonstrations have shown few signs of stopping despite a violent crackdown in which, according to rights groups, at least 471 people were killed. More than 18,200 people have been arrested, according to Human Rights Activists in Iran, a group monitoring the demonstrations. On Saturday, Iran’s chief prosecutor, Mohamed Jafar Montazeri, said the religious police “had been closed,” in a report published by the semi-official news agency, ISNA. He was also quoted as saying that the government was reviewing the mandatory hijab law. My life and the lives of millions of people of Iranian heritage who emigrated would have been radically different. In the United States, we have the means to find and achieve the best in ourselves.

The subthemes of cause of mental health problems were classified to social, familial and individual factors. The coding scheme was derived theoretically according to the framework of the study, with regard to the concept of mental health, cause and help-seeking behavior. On the other hand, the themes and subthemes were extracted from transcripts, providing the basis for generating new codes or modifying the codes by induction. The inductive codes were sorted into meaningful categories within the theoretical themes .

The relationship between mental health and human rights is fundamental and intertwined. Human rights violations, including violence against women and children, and the witnessing of mass executions have significant adverse mental health ramifications. Women’s health is closely linked to their status in society, according to the World Health Organization , whether they benefit from equality or suffer from discrimination. Violence against women in Iran, and elsewhere, is a global health crisis that has devastating physical and psychological health outcomes. Concerns about purity had, until relatively recently, prevented women from fully participating in social movements for fear of being called “dishonorable” or “immoral.” But in a world where premarital sex is becoming far more common, such labels no longer have the power they once did. Men are by now used to seeing women as leaders of social campaigns, and women are using martial arts to fight the police in the streets. Today’s protests are a culmination of nearly two centuries of struggle for the civil rights of Iranian women and of ethnic and religious minorities.

His educational and legal reforms ended formal segregation and discrimination against religious minorities such as Zoroastrians, Bahá’ís, Jews, Christians, and Sunni Muslims. At check here the same time, he oversaw a new form of nationalism that was state imposed, in contrast to the grassroots, democratic nationalism of the Constitutional Revolution. Persian was declared the official state language, even though it was the first language of only a slight majority of the population. Reza Shah further attempted to limit dissent by forcibly relocating certain ethnic populations to preclude assemblies that might evolve into organized political resistance. Shi’i and Persian-speaking populations were frequently sent to Sunni and Turkic-speaking areas to undercut the threat of separatist ethnic movements.